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INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY

INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY

Authorities:  34 C.F.R. Part 300; 19 T.A.C. Chapter 89
 
 
 
  FEDERAL AND STATE REQUIREMENTS
The child must be assessed in all areas of suspected disability.
The local educational agency must comply with EVALUATION PROCEDURES
In Texas, the group of qualified professionals that determines whether the child is a child with a disability and the educational needs of the child is the child's ADMISSION, REVIEW, AND DISMISSAL COMMITTEE.
 
EVALUATION PROCEDURES
The evaluation data reviewed by the group of qualified professionals must include:
  • A standardized individually administered test of cognitive ability; and
  • Adaptive behavior assessment in at least two of the following areas: communication, self-care, home living, social/interpersonal skills, use of community resources, self-direction, functional academic skills, work, leisure, health, and safety.
 
ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA
A child with an intellectual disability is one who has been determined to meet the criteria for intellectual disability.
Intellectual disability means significantly sub-average general intellectual functioning that: 
  • Is reflected in an overall test score of cognitive ability that is at least two standard deviations below the mean, when taking into consideration the standard error of measurement of the test;
  • Exists concurrently with deficits in adaptive behavior in at least two of the following areas:
    • Communication;
    • Self-care;
    • Home living;
    • Social and interpersonal skills;
    • Use of community resources;
    • Self-direction;
    • Functional academic skills;
    • Work;
    • Leisure;
    • Health; or
    • Safety;
  • Is manifested during the developmental period; and
  • Adversely affects the child's educational performance.
  Last Updated : Thu, Apr 06, 2017