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Authorities:  34 CFR Part 300; 19 TAC Chapter 89


Extended school year (ESY) services means special education and related services that:

  • Are provided to the child with a disability:
    • Beyond the normal school year of the public agency;
    • In accordance with the child's individualized education program (IEP); and
    • At no cost to the parents of the child; and
  • Meet the standards of the Texas Education Agency.
Each local educational agency (LEA) must ensure that ESY services are available as necessary to provide a free appropriate public education (FAPE).
The provision of ESY services is limited to the educational needs of the child and must not supplant or limit the responsibility of other public agencies to continue to provide care and treatment services pursuant to policy or practice, even when those services are similar to, or the same as, the services addressed in the child's IEP.
No child will be denied ESY services because the child receives care and treatment services under the auspices of other agencies.
In determining the need for and in providing ESY services, the LEA may not:
  • Limit ESY services to particular categories of disability; or
  • Unilaterally limit the type, amount, or duration of ESY services.
ESY services must be provided only if the child's admission, review, and dismissal (ARD) committee determines, on an individual basis, that the services are necessary for the provision of FAPE.
If the LEA does not propose ESY services for discussion at the annual review of the child's IEP, the parent may request that the ARD committee discuss ESY services.
If the child for whom ESY services were considered and rejected loses critical skills because of the decision not to provide ESY services, and if those skills are not regained after the reasonable period of time for recoupment, the ARD committee must reconsider the current IEP if the child's loss of critical skills interferes with the implementation of the child's IEP.
The ARD committee must determine the need for ESY services from formal and/or informal evaluations provided by the LEA or the parents:
  • For the child enrolling in the LEA during the school year, information obtained from the prior LEA as well as information collected during the current year may be used to determine the need for ESY services.
The ARD committee must identify the critical areas addressed in the current IEP goals and objectives, if any, in which the child has exhibited, or reasonably may be expected to exhibit, severe or substantial regression that cannot be recouped within a reasonable period of time:
  • Severe or substantial regression means that the child has been, or will be, unable to maintain one or more acquired critical skills in the absence of ESY services;
  • A skill is critical when the loss of that skill results, or is reasonably expected to result, in any of the following occurrences during the first eight weeks of the next regular school year:
    • Placement in a more restrictive instructional arrangement;

    • Significant loss of acquired skills necessary for the child to appropriately progress in the general curriculum;
    • Significant loss of self-sufficiency in self-help skill areas as evidenced by an increase in the number of direct service staff and/or amount of time required to provide special education or related services;
    • Loss of access to community-based independent living skills instruction or an independent living environment provided by noneducational sources as a result of regression in skills; or
    • Loss of access to on-the-job training or productive employment as a result of regression in skills.
  • The reasonable period of time for recoupment of acquired skills must be determined on the basis of needs identified in the child’s IEP:
    • If the loss of acquired critical skills would be particularly severe or substantial, or if such loss results, or reasonably may be expected to result, in immediate physical harm to the child or to others, ESY services may be justified without consideration of the period of time for recoupment of such skills. In any case, the period of time for recoupment must not exceed eight weeks.
If the ARD committee determines that the child is in need of ESY services, then the IEP must identify which of the goals and objectives in the current IEP will be addressed during ESY services.
  Last Updated : Tue, Apr 04, 2023